Saturday, March 26, 2011

DTN News - BATTLE FOR LIBYA: Muammar Gaddafi's Forces Losing Ground To His Adversaries

DTN News - BATTLE FOR LIBYA: Muammar Gaddafi's Forces Losing Ground To His Adversaries
**Rebels take key Libyan towns, Kadhafi (Gaddafi) forces retreat
(NSI News Source Info)


- March 26, 2011:

Forces loyal to Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi were retreating Saturday after rebels recaptured the key eastern towns of Ajdabiya and Brega in their first significant victory since Western-led air strikes began a week ago.

US President Barack Obama said the international mission had saved countless innocents from a "bloodbath" threatened by Kadhafi, and the rebels thanked France for its role in the military blitz but said "outside forces" could now leave the country.

Ajdabiya was "100 percent in the hands of our forces," a rebel spokesman, Shamsiddin Abdulmollah, told reporters in the stronghold of Benghazi.

"Who is on the back foot are Kadhafi's forces because they no longer have air power and heavy weaponry available" after a week of bombing by coalition warplanes, he said.

Scene: In Benghazi, fierce defence of no-fly zone

Another spokesman, Ahmed Khalifa, said the rebels had captured at least 13 Kadhafi fighters who were being treated as prisoners of war.

A rebel fighter told AFP insurgents had retaken Brega also, and a journalist travelling with them confirmed seeing rebels in control of the centre of the oil town, and said government forces had completely withdrawn.

"We are in the centre of Brega," 80 kilometres (50 miles) west of Ajdabiya, Abdelsalam al-Maadani told AFP by telephone. "Kadhafi's forces are on the retreat."

The rebels, backed by the Western barrage, earlier poured into Ajdabiya, where destroyed tanks and military vehicles littered the road, AFP correspondents reported.

The bodies of at least two pro-Kadhafi fighters were surrounded by onlookers taking photos, while a mosque and many houses bore the scars of heavy shelling as the rebels celebrated, firing into the air and shouting "God is greater."

Scene: At site of Kadhafi's defeat, carnage and craters

Outside Ajdabiya, the bodies of 21 loyalist soldiers had been collected, a medic told AFP.

Osama al-Qasy from Benghazi's Hawari hospital said the bodies were found 10 kilometres (six miles) west of Ajdabiya. Other charred corpses remained in the desert.

Regime loyalists had dug in at Ajdabiya after being forced back from the road to Benghazi by the first coalition air strikes. Residents accused them of brutalising the population.

Ibrahim Saleh, 34, told AFP: "The tanks were firing on the houses non-stop. I couldn't move from my house for days. There was no water or fuel or communications, and when people went out even to get fuel they were fired on.

"The coalition air strikes were yesterday and the day before. They attacked from the skies and the revolutionaries came in afterwards and freed the city."

Rebel spokesman Colonel Ahmed Omar Bani told a Benghazi news conference that Kadhafi's forces at Ajdabiya were asked several times to surrender, and were attacked when they refused to do so.

Ajdabiya, straddling the key road to Benghazi, is the first town to fall back into rebel hands since a coalition of Western forces launched UN-backed air strikes on March 19 to stop Kadhafi's forces attacking civilians.

But in Libya's west, where the capital Tripoli and most of Kadhafi's support is located, the port city of Misrata was in dire need of help from coalition jets and humanitarian groups because of attacks by Kadhafi forces, the rebels said.

"Please, do something about Misrata," one member of the rebellion, Mustafa Gheriani, pleaded.

"People there are willing to take casualties. They need intervention," he said. "Please, they need a floating hospital."

Abdulmollah said he believed a hospital ship organised by non-governmental organisations was en route to Misrata under NATO escort from Malta.

Snipers loyal to Kadhafi flooded Misrata on Saturday and artillery pounded the city causing new civilian deaths, a rebel spokesman said.

"The international community must urgently intervene to protect the population," pleaded the spokesman who asked that his name be withheld.

"People have been killed and wounded," he said, unable however to give a detailed toll.

On Thursday a city doctor said that at least 109 people have been killed in Misrata, Libya's third city, and more than 1,300 wounded in a week of attacks by Kadhafi forces.

French fighters destroyed at least five warplanes and two helicopters from pro-Kadhafi forces in the Zintan and Misrata regions on Saturday, the military said in a statement on the French armed forces website.

British warplanes destroyed five Libyan armoured vehicles in air strikes on Ajdabiya and Misrata on Friday, the defence ministry in London said.

Elsewhere, huge explosions shook a military site in an eastern suburb of Tripoli early Saturday as Western forces piled pressure on the regime.

The blasts left a radar facility in flames in Tajura, home to several military bases, a witness told AFP.

"The district was shaken by three explosions in succession," the resident said, adding that the explosions had shattered windows.

"The raid targeted a military radar site which is still on fire," added the resident, who lives nearby.

Under pressure to explain his strategy to Americans, Obama gave his most detailed review of the conflict so far, and insisted national interests were behind his decision to order US forces into UN-mandated combat.

"Make no mistake, because we acted quickly, a humanitarian catastrophe has been avoided and the lives of countless civilians -- innocent men, women and children -- have been saved," he said in his weekly radio and online address.

Obama said a week into the operation that when innocent people were brutalised by a leader like Kadhafi threatening a "bloodbath," and when nations were prepared to respond together, "it's in our national interest to act."

"And it's our responsibility. This is one of those times," he said.

"Our military mission in Libya is clear and focused," he added, noting the no-fly zone was mandated by the UN Security Council and that an international coalition was protecting Libyans to prevent "further atrocities."

"We're succeeding in our mission. We've taken out Libya's air defences. Kadhafi's forces are no longer advancing across Libya."

Obama repeated his warnings that Kadhafi should go.

"Moamer Kadhafi has lost the confidence of his people and the legitimacy to rule, and the aspirations of the Libyan people must be realised," he said.

The Libyan opposition's interim national council leader Mahmoud Jibril said his people no longer needed outside help, in a letter to French President Nicolas Sarkozy and published by the daily Le Figaro.

"In the middle of the night, your planes destroyed tanks that were set to crush Benghazi. ... The Libyan people see you as liberators. Its recognition will be eternal," he wrote.

However, Jibril added: "We do not want outside forces. We won't need them. We will win the first battle thanks to you. We will win the next battle through our own means."

Russia's chief of staff, General Nikolai Makarov, told the Interfax news agency in Moscow: "Air (strikes) as I see it have not given them results.

"If their aim was to topple the regime of Kadhafi, then probably they will not manage without a ground phase," he was quoted as saying. "I would not rule it out."

He reaffirmed Russia's position that it would not join the international operation.

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DTN News - LIBYA NO-FLY ZONE: Ground Operation In Libya Could Start In April - Russian intelligence

DTN News - LIBYA NO-FLY ZONE: Ground Operation In Libya Could Start In April - Russian intelligence
(NSI News Source Info) MOSCOW, Russia - March 26, 2011:

The international coalition force is planning a ground operation in Libya that could start in late April, a high-ranking Russian intelligence service source said on Friday.

"Information coming via different channels shows that NATO countries, with the active participation of Britain and the United States, are developing a plan for a ground operation on Libyan territory," he said.

"From all indications, a ground operation will be launched if the alliance fails to force the Gaddafi regime to capitulate with air strikes and missile attacks."

If the events in Libya follow this scenario, the ground operation could start "in late April-early May," he added.

The UN Security Council imposed a no-fly zone over Libya on March 17, allowing "all necessary measures" to protect civilians from Muammar Gaddafi's attacks on rebel-held towns.

The operation to enforce the no-fly zone, codenamed Odyssey Dawn, is being conducted jointly by 13 states, including the United States, Britain and France.

Western warplanes have flown more than 300 sorties over the North African country and fired 162 Tomahawk missiles in the UN mission.

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DTN News - LIBYA NO-FLY ZONE: Qatar Fighter Jet On Duty Over Libya

DTN News - LIBYA NO-FLY ZONE: Qatar Fighter Jet On Duty Over Libya
(NSI News Source Info) TORONTO, Canada - March 26, 2011:

Qatar fighter pilot, in a strong and symbolic show of military support, became the first from any Arab nation to fly a combat mission over Libya Friday.

The Qatari Air Force Mirage 2000 was joined by a French fighter jet when heading out on its first patrol.

"Qatar has been a great ally since day one," said Mustafa Gheriani, spokesman for the opposition Benghazi city council. "It's an Arab country to be proud of."

Qatar has pledged six Mirages and two C-17s transports in the Libyan operation. Officials did not release any details of the Qatar pilot's role in his debut coalition flight.

"Having our first Arab nation join and start flying with us emphasizes that the world wants the innocent Libyan people protected from the atrocities perpetrated by the pro-regime forces," said U.S. Air Force Commander Maj. Gen. Margaret Woodward.

As the U.S. was poised to take a reduced role in the coalition's air operation, Pentagon officials indicated they could deploy Air Force gunships and attack aircraft more useful in urban fighting.

Yet for a second straight day, no American planes were used in air strikes against Col. Moammar Khadafy's forces.

President Obama, after meeting with congressional leaders yesterday about Libya, plans to address the country Monday about the situation.

NATO, now running the coalition operation, named three-star Canadian Lt.-Gen. Charles Bouchard to command the UN-ordered no-fly zone and weapons embargo against Libya.

Coalition forces unleashed a seventh straight day of fighter jet and missile strikes on the Khadafy military sites and operations. At least three explosions rocked the capital of Tripoli and an eastern suburb.

Despite the constant attacks, Navy Vice Adm. William Gortney warned that Khadafy's ground forces still posed a major threat.

"We assess that our strikes on regime forces around the city have had an effect," he said. "But the regime is still able and still determined to reinforce their positions there."

The coalition's focus on military targets has disrupted the communications system for the Libyan forces, Gortney said.

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*This article is being posted from Toronto, Canada By DTN News ~ Defense-Technology News